Conuerors: How Portugal Seized the Indian Ocean and Forged the First Global Empire summary º 108

summary Conquerors: How Portugal Seized the Indian Ocean and Forged the First Global Empire

Conquerors: How Portugal Seized the Indian Ocean and Forged the First Global Empire summary º 108 ó [Reading] ➽ Conquerors: How Portugal Seized the Indian Ocean and Forged the First Global Empire Author Roger Crowley – Eyltransferservices.co.uk As remarkable as Columbus aAs remarkable as Columbus Portugal Seized PDF #205 and the conuistador expeditions the history of Portuguese exploration is now almost forgottenBut Portugal's navigators cracked the code of the Atlantic winds launched the expedition of Vasco da Conuerors How eBook #185 Gama to India and beat the Spanish to the spice kingdoms of the East then set about creating the first long range maritime empireIn an astonishing blitz of years a handful of How Portugal Seized ePUB #10003 visionary and utterly ruthless. Takes one far beyond knowing who Vasco de Gama was to the amazing story of Portugal dominating the trade in spices from bases in India and beyond A compound of mutual cultural ignorance cruelty religionand prejudice nevertheless succeeding I look forward to how they were pushed aside to become bit players before totally exiting the scene in my lifetime

Roger Crowley Í 8 free read

Empire builders with few resources but breathtaking ambition attempted to seize the Indian Ocean destroy Islam and take control of world tradeTold with Roger Crowley's customary skill and verve How Portugal Seized the Indian eBook #185 this is narrative history at its most vivid an epic tale of navigation trade and technology money and religious zealotry political diplomacy and espionage sea battles and shipwrecks endurance courage and terrifying brutalityDrawing on extensive firsthand accounts it bring. good book slow read

read ✓ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Í Roger Crowley

Conquerors How Portugal Seized the Indian Ocean and Forged the First Global EmpireS to life the exploits of an extraordinary band of conuerors men such as Afonso de Albuuerue the first European since Alexander the Great to found an Asian empire who set in motion years of European colonisation and unleashed How Portugal Seized the Indian eBook #185 the forces of globalisationRoger Crowley read English at Cambridge He has had a varied career as a teacher and publisher and is the author of three books on the history of the Mediterranean He lives in Gloucestershire and now writes full ti. Portugal had a population of about one million people at the beginning of the fifteenth century A tiny country with an economy which largely depended on fishing and subsistence farming A country where the kings were too poor to mint their own gold coins But as Mr Crowley writes a country with big aspirations‘In August 1415 a Portuguese fleet sailed across the Strait of Gibraltar and stormed the Muslim port of Ceuta in Morocco one of the most heavily fortified and strategic strongholds in the whole Mediterranean’In Ceuta the Portuguese saw a glimpse of the wealth of Africa and the Orient and dared to dream of expansion of conuering infidels and of trade like that enjoyed by Genoa and Venice After Ceuta Prince Henriue Prince Henry the Navigator began to sponsor expeditions down the coast of Africa in search of gold slaves and spices The Portuguese also explored inland Africa for the mythical Christian king Prester John Portugal was also driven by a desire to eradicate Islamic culture and to establish a Christian empire in the Indian OceanMr Crowley has drawn on letters and eyewitness accounts to write of Portugal’s rapid rise to power Some of the major characters portrayed in this account of the Portuguese empire were King Manuel the Fortunate João II the Perfect Prince the governor Afonso de Albuuerue and the explorer Vasco da GamaHow did Portugal achieve such dominance in such a short period By discovering a route to India around the horn of Africa – achieved by sailing out west from the African coast in order to use the Atlantic winds to sail east around the Cape of Good Hope into the Indian Ocean‘Though its supremacy lasted little than a century Portugal’s achievement was to create the prototype for new and flexible forms of empire based on mobile sea power and the paradigm for European expansion Where it led the Dutch and the English followed’I found Mr Crowley’s account fascinating While I knew some of the history of Prince Henry the Navigator of Vasco da Gama and later of Ferdinand Magellan I had not focussed on the detail and the impact of the Portuguese empire The history of Portuguese exploration is well worth reading it is an epic tale of courage endurance and brutality of skilled navigation of diplomacy and of religious zealotry And supporting the public figures we can name and read about are many unknown sailors who suffered illness disease and freuently death Afonso de Albuuerue became the first European since Alexander the Great to found an Asian empire‘The Iberian powers who had carved up the world at Tordesillas in 1494 were conditioned to believe in monopoly trading and the obligation to crusade’Portuguese supremacy may have only lasted just over a century but during that period the Portuguese reached India in 1498 Brazil in 1500 China in 1514 and Japan in 1543Note My thanks to Netgalley and the Random House Publishing Group for an opportunity to read an advance copy of this bookJennifer Cameron Smith